The Western Ghats in India is home to spectacular flora and fauna unique to the region. Kamarajar Lake borders the forests of Palani Hills which are an extension of the Ghats.
The area attracts 154 varieties of birds according to study by Gandhigram university. A.A David Ravindran and his team conducted the survey in the Athoor dam area. Between September and February there are over 30 varieties of migratory birds that visit the area. Some of the birds native to the area are the tailor bird, black-naped monarch, black eagle, rufous woodpecker, blue bearded bee eater, crested tree swift, stork billed kingfisher, Emerald pigeon, shirke, osprey (fish eagle), indian pitta, peacocks, etc.
The other fauna spotted in the area include the sambar deer, spotted deer, barking deer, porcupine, mongoose, monitor lizard, wild boar, grey langur and flying foxes. There are a few sightings of the elusive leopard. Recently, we had a few bison come down from the hills.
There are also plenty of brightly hued insects and butterflies which the fascinating lizards and toads feed on.